(Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation) [PDF DOWNLOAD] ð Joseph J. Ellis

  • Hardcover
  • 288
  • Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation
  • Joseph J. Ellis
  • English
  • 22 March 2020
  • 9780375405440

Joseph J. Ellis ↠ 8 Download

characters Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation Summary Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation 108 characters ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ Joseph J. Ellis He Hamilton and Burr duel Most interesting perhaps is the debate still dividing scholars today over the meaning of the Revolution In a fascinating chapter on the renewed friendship between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson at the end of their lives Ellis points out the fundamental differences between the Republicans who saw the Revolution as a liberating act and hold the Declaration of Independence most sacred and the Federalists who saw the revolution as a step in the building of American nationho. And so while Hamilton and his followers could claim that the compromise permitted the core features of his financial plan to win approval which in turn meant the institutionalization of fiscal reforms with centralizing implications that would prove very difficult to dislodge the permanent residence of the capital on the Potomac institutionalized political values designed to carry the nation in a fundamentally different directionThis is a sentence found on page 80 of Joseph J Ellis s Founding Brothers The Revolutionary GenerationPersonally I don t understand this sentence at all when I read it once so lets dissect this sentence shall weFirst phraseAnd so while Hamilton and his followers could claim that the compromise permitted the core features of his financial plan to win approval The main part of this sente I mean phrase is that the compromise permitted the core features of Hamilton s financial plan to win approval Who in the world of academia talks like this Anyway this phrase pretty much boils down to the compromise satisfied the main parts of Hamilton s financial planSecond phrasewhich in turn meant the institutionalization of fiscal reforms with centralizing implications that would prove very difficult to dislodge Okay This is a little difficult So if Hamilton approves this compromise that satisfies the main parts of his financial plan it would result in the institutionalization of fiscal reforms which I take to mean the government will have financial responsibilities This reform will have centralizing implications that would prove very difficult to dislodge which I m guessing is a fancy way for saying that this will make the central government powerful which will be difficult to change in the futureThird phrasethe permanent residence of the capital on the Potomac institutionalized political values designed to carry the nation in a fundamentally different direction Well after reading this phrase 5 times over I think it means that because the capital is permanently in Potomac the nation is actually heading in the opposite direction that Hamilton s plan isSo after 10 minutes of dissection this sentence is saying that While the compromise potentially satisfied the core of Hamilton s financial plan which would place financial responsibilities on the government that would be difficult to repeal in the future the fact that the capital was permanently in Potomac suggested that the nation was heading in a different directionWow Even after simplifying the sentence and reducing the word count from 64 to 48 and the syllable count from 125 to 88 that is still one beast of a sentence Ellis s excessive pretentious use of multi syllabic words shows that Ellis is married to his Thesaurus No one not even scholars talks like Ellis nor can understand Ellis One may be able to get a general sense of what is going on but I m sure there are better less painful ways to learn of these storiesAfter doing this sentence dissection for a deceptively short grueling uneventful draining brain mushing incredibly taxing 248 pages I have come away with a sure fire way to make me feel like my I is in the negative range and with a significantly higher vocabularyGood luck fellow readers

characters Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation

Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation

characters Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation Summary Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation 108 characters ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ Joseph J. Ellis Od and hold the Constitution most dear Throughout the text Ellis explains the personal face to face nature of early American politics and notes that the members of the revolutionary generation were conscious of the fact that they were establishing precedents on which future generations would rely In Founding Brothers Ellis whose American Sphinx won the National Book Award for nonfiction in 1997 has written an elegant and engaging narrative sure to become a classic Highly recommended Sunny Delaney. I picked this up in high school trying to impress myself with how learned I could be I really wasn t prepared for how much I enjoyed this book I didn t think I was going to read than a bit of it Instead I read it cover to cover and did it in less than two weeks Which for a book about revolutionary war history is pretty unusual for me This book deserves all the awards it got It s impressively researched fascinating shows sides to these men that I never would have learned about otherwise It read like a novel to me Except it s true Which is SO MUCH BETTER If you have any interest at all in the time period or history in general read it I promise you won t be disappointed

characters ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ Joseph J. Ellis

characters Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation Summary Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation 108 characters ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ Joseph J. Ellis In retrospect it seems as if the American Revolution was inevitable But was it In Founding Brothers Joseph J Ellis reveals that many of those truths we hold to be self evident were actually fiercely contested in the early days of the republic Ellis focuses on six crucial moments in the life of the new nation including a secret dinner at which the seat of the nation's capital was determined in exchange for support of Hamilton's financial plan; Washington's precedent setting Farewell Address; and t. You would figure that the history of America s Revolutionary Era would be milked dry by now and the stories of its players a stale drama This book represents the effort of a professional historian to forge new insights by looking collectively at the so called Founding Fathers stretching a metaphor for their alliances and conflicts as being emblematic of the very checks and balances that they built into the Constitution in 1787 Through a set of six lively essays he probes the diverse personalities and substantive interactions among these figures in relationship to the major issues that arose in the decade after the new government was formed essentially the 1790s His focus is on Washington John Adams Jefferson and Hamilton with supplemental attention given to Madison Burr and Franklin Because they all knew each other and worked together in collaboration and strife over such a long time Ellis adopts the phrase Founding Brothers for his title In his preface Ellis points out that despite these white dudes being lionized and mythologized by so many for so long each generation sees the launch of the nation a bit differently with different implications for contemporary controversies according to who is looking A golden haze surrounds this period for many Americans but as a contaminated radioactive cloud for those unhappy with what we have become and how we got hereThe draw of this book for me is in the opportunity to understand personalities of these players on history s stage a bit better and to appreciate how their human strengths and flaws came into play in shaping the country s course As an effective way to clarify the impact of personality on amplifying political differences Ellis kicks off his book by examining the pistol duel between Vice President Burr and Hamilton that ended in the senseless death of the latter I have had the pleasure of a satirical dose of the uirks and dark spots in Burr s character from reading Vidal s novel Burr I didn t realize how much Hamilton brought on the challenge from Burr by his campaign of continual gossip and insults of Burr in social situations I pictured Hamilton as an effete snob but learned he came from humble roots Through prior readings I ve gotten to know and admire Adams Washington and Franklin but for Jefferson and Hamilton what little I know makes me somewhat biased against them I came away with some fresh angles on the first three and for the latter two substantially about what made them tick though little to make me love them any better Regardless of personal appeal or distaste their alliances and conflicts moved the country through the bad patchesIn a wonderful chapter called The Collaborators Ellis compares and contrasts the early close collaboration between Adams and Jefferson best seen in their teamwork on the Declaration of Independence with that of Jefferson and Madison a match of strategist with tactician that led to Jefferson beating Adams in his run for a second term In between we get the falling out between Jefferson and Adams during their competition to replace Washington and the full bloom of Adams productive collaboration with his wife Abigail during his presidency I get a kick out of Ellis evocative language in the challenges to the friendship between Adams and Jefferson They were an incongruous pair but everyone seemed to argue that history made them into a pair The incongruities leapt out for all to see Adams the short stout candid to a fault New Englander Jefferson the tall slender elegantly elusive Virginian Adams the highly combustible ever combative mile a minute talker whose favorite form of conversation was an argument Jefferson the always cool and self contained enigma who regarded debate and argument as violations of the natural harmonies he heard inside his own head The list could go on the Yankee and the Cavalier the orator and the writer the bulldog and the greyhound They were the odd couple of the American RevolutionFor Washington and Adams a strong central government was essential to achieve the nation s great opportunity to settle and harness the resources of a continent negotiate beneficial trade agreements with other nations and develop an adeuate defense from threats Adams wrote of the need to retain a monarchical principle of power in the government to get things done as the only pragmatic way to achieve national cohesion over territories so much vaster the Greek city states that first developed a democracy For Jefferson and his prot g Madison any conferral of substantial power at the federal level came to represent a revival of the kind of tyranny for which the revolution was waged When Hamilton and the group of Federalists began machinations to establish a national bank to facilitate economic growth this pushed Jefferson s buttons even as a betrayal of a revolution for individual rights and agrarian values and a return of power to a monied and largely urban elite ie a new aristocracy Thus the all for one and one for all sense of unity that emerged when the Revolutionary War was on soon came to an end and the age of vicious party politics began Forever after party loyalty would threaten to belie the ideal that the elected government was to serve the entire populace Dirty tricks smear campaigns and fake news came out of the woodwork surprisingly early In the election to replace Washington Jefferson is guilty of paying a scandalmonger to do a hatchet job on Adams character in the press and in a pamphlet painting Adams as a hoary headed incendiary who was eually determined on war with France and on declaring himself president for life with John uincy lurking in the background as his successor When Jefferson s role was definitively revealed Jefferson seemed genuinely surprised at the revelation suggesting that for him the deepest secrets were not the ones he kept from his enemies but the ones he kept from himself Another choice uote Jefferson s nearly Herculean powers of self denial also helped keep the cause pure at least in the privacy of his own mind elsewhere Ellis notes that Jefferson could probably pass a lie detector test denying each of his various duplicities After his narrow victory Adams invited Jefferson into his cabinet but party politics and ideology kept Jefferson from acceding to revival of their old collaborative spirit Adams had filled his cabinet with Hamilton and his followers whose manipulations on behalf of their agenda disgusted Adams himself He resorted to using his wife Abigail as his effective cabinet of one for all important help with his deliberations The breach with Jefferson yawned even wider when Adams undermined Jefferson s longstanding goal of an alliance with France by forging a secret agreement with England to secure umbrella protections from their fleet in exchange for a favorable trade status for them More fuel for their personal conflict was added to the fire when Adams acceded to his wife s unfortunate push for the Aliens and Sedition Act to protect him from libelous attacks in the press When the law came to be used as a political weapon selectively against the Republican leaning press the gloves really came off Only much later after Jefferson s term and retirement did the pair take up correspondence and slowly let go of their mutual sense of betrayal Their remarkable correspondence over many years until their deaths on the 50th anniversary of Independence Day reveals a return to true friendship and a great repository of their attempts to make sense of history Ellis coverage of the correspondence makes for a nice complement to the in depth treatment of the rapprochement in McCullough s wonderful biography John Adams Ironically it was Adams that succeeded in achieving a parallel treaty with France to balance out the English one though it came too late in his presidency to affect the election of Jefferson He had been trying to follow Washington s lead on navigating a path of neutrality with respect to the centuries old struggle between England and France for dominance of western Europe However these was not a stable government to negotiate with for a long time and the attempt by Tallyrand to extract a hefty bribe just to get to the table set progress back In turn it was ironic that it was Jefferson who achieved the Louisiana Purchase and thereby unleashed true imperial spirit for taking over the continent And it was he that helped achieve the banning of the slave tradeWith hindsight we can see the raw deal that was being set up for the future for blacks and Indians Mostly the leaders at the time colluded in an active deferral in addressing the slavery issue Too hot to handle The southern colonies wouldn t have joined the Union if slavery was in the lineup for federal interference In an important chapter of this book The Silence it was disturbing to see how a simple petition to Congress by some early uaker abolitionists in 1790 could reveal the terrible instability of the nation Endorsed by Franklin it couldn t be ignored Their presentation of the contradiction between trafficking in human beings and the precept of all men are created eual was clear as was their argument that is was the duty of Congress was to resolve it Despite the consensus buried in the Constitution that no law could be passed restricting the slave trade for 20 years the Pennsylvania petitioners maintained that Congress could still do its constitutional duty of abolishing slavery under its general welfare clause that empowered them to take whatever action it deemed necessary and proper to Countenance the Restoration of Liberty for all Negroes That brought out plenty of tap dancing from the southern delegation about state rights and the practice being okay with God according to certain biblical passages With a few states making threats about seceding the petition was ignoredIn retrospect it s easy to be forgiving that it would take some time to call the bluff of hard core states like South Carolina But Ellis takes a surprising tack by arguing that this point in time was near the end of the period when slavery could be abolished with limited impact The census for 1790 revealed exponential growth of the population of slaves similar to that of whites since 1776 reaching 700000 out of nearly 4 million total non Indian population I was shocked that New York and New Jersey still had 33000 With the added likelihood of new slave states being added to the Union the door was closely uickly on the economic feasibility of a compensated emancipation from the federal coffers None of the Founding Fathers really countenanced a fully bi racial society All imagined shipping the massive number of freed slaves somewhere else to some colony in Africa South America or to some place out West not too different from the mindset during Lincoln s presidency 75 years later Jefferson may have loved his slave Sally Hemings and had children by her but he did not free her and did not conceive of blacks worthy of full citizenship In the case of his fellow Virginian Washington Ellis provides bits of evidence that he did imagine a fully integrated society Some uote shows he believed that low expectations of their capabilities arose from the outcomes of their environment and not intrinsic character Also his will specified that after his wife also died that his Mt Vernon estate be sold and proceeds be used to support opportunities for his freed family slaves and their descendants over a few generations That Washington had an unusually egalitarian streak about the races is also suggested in his Letter to the Cherokee Nation in which he encourages them to seek assimilation into white society as the only solution for all Indians given the inevitable settlement of all their lands by the unstoppable whites Washington acknowledged that he was asking a lot that this path may seem may seem a little difficult to enter because it meant subduing their understandable urge to resist and sacrificing many of their most distinctive and cherished tribal values I appreciate Ellis summary Whatever moral deficiencies and cultural condescensions a modern day audience might find in Washington s advice two salient points are clear First it was in keeping with his relentless realism about the limited choices that history offered and second it projected Indians into the mix of people called AmericansI wonder if in this Age of Trump whether Ellis will feel obliged to change this view of this roller coaster of America s first decade in terms of shrill accusatory rhetoric flamboyant displays of ideological intransigence intense personal rivalries and hyperbolic claims of immanent catastrophe it has no eual in American history